Over 45 undergraduate and graduate students and faculty--including guests from other universities--joined the CLAS for a talk by Professor Aviva Chomsky of Salem State University. Professor Chomsky presented her book on Central American migration. Her recent book with Beacon Press, analyzes the connections between failed reform and revolution in Central America, originating in the 1980s, are at the root of the continued poverty and the recent emigration crisis.
Professor Chomsky is an activist scholar who has published many books. Some are academic monographs. Man others are oriented towards affecting US policies on immigration, poverty and empire.
Her recent book focuses on Central American history and the more recent migration and refugee crisis on the US border with Mexico.
After reviewing the 20th century history of the Central America region in relation to US dominance and economic development priorities she discussed how the obstacles placed to democratization and economic development have resulted in the various migration surges streams from the region since the 1980s. She remined us of the wave of war refugees of the 1980s and early 1990s from Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. Honduras, did not experience an internal war but became a base for massive US military presence and militarization through irregular militias and the strengthening of local police and military training.
The book, published by Beacon Press, is organized into ten chapters and a conclusion:
Invisibility and Forgetting
Making the United States, Making Central America: Bananas, Coffee, Savages, and Bandits
The Cold War, Ten Years of Spring, and the Cuban Revolution
PART II: REVOLUTION IN THE 1970 AND ’80S
Guatemala: Reform, Revolution, and Genocide
Nicaragua: “Luchamos contra el yanqui, enemigo de la humanidad”
El Salvador: Si Nicaragua Venció, ¡El Salvador Vencerá!
Honduras: Staging Ground for War and Reaganomics
Central America Solidarity in the United States
PART III: KILLING HOPE
Peace Treaties and Neoliberalism
Trump’s Border War