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Guarani Authorities in the Missions of Paraguay in the Second Half of the XVIII Century. Economic Crisis, Indigenous Agency, and Reform Projects
Friday, March 08, 2024, 04:30pm - 06:00pm
Contact Alan Henriquez (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Join the Zoom Meeting: https://rutgers.zoom.us/j/91617906547?pwd=dUg5aVoyRk8wVEI0a1NjeVFuSSthZz09

During the seventeenth century, Jesuits and Guarani established an alliance based on tributary privileges and indigenous military service that allowed for the establishment and development of the most important missional project in the Americas. The Guarani Jesuit missions became a dynamic economic space, with a high population density, and with a key military function as the main structure for the defense of the Spanish frontier against Portuguese claims. However, by the 1730s the relationship between Jesuits and Guarani started to suffer important tensions due to the economic and demographic pressure that the missions experienced in a context of constant mobilization of people and resources for warfare. This tension reached its peak in the 1750s when the seven missions at the east of the Uruguay river rebelled against the cession of its territory to Portugal, signed by the Spanish crown in the Treaty of Madrid in 1750. Shortly after, in 1767, the Jesuits were expelled from all Spanish domains, and the Guarani missions passed to secular colonial administration. This paper focuses on analyzing how the Guarani responded to the fundamental changes that took place in the second half of the eighteenth century. I argue that, after 1750, the Guarani acquired a more prominent role in the government of their towns, while their importance in the military defense of the frontier was reduced. The documents used are mainly correspondence, reports, and reform projects from Spanish bureaucrats.

Speaker Bio: 

conti santiago

Santiago Conti is a doctoral candidate in the Department of History at Princeton University and holds a B.A. in history from the University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina. He has done research on encomiendas in the governorship of Tucumán (Viceroyalty of Peru) during the 17th century. For his doctoral project, Conti is planning to study the north-east frontiers of the Rio de la Plata region, specifically the Guaraní political and military engagement during the age of revolutions and the independence wars.

This workshop will be held at Rutgers University (301 Van Dyck Hall)  in hybrid (in-person and Zoom). Zoom & Registration Information Coming Soon 

SPONSOR:  Princeton University’s Center for Collaborative History and the Program in Latin American Studies, and by Rutgers University’s Center for Latin American Studies and Department of History.

Poster LACW 2023 24

Location 301 Van Dyck Hall and Zoom